сбой установки модуля cpanm perl на ‘make’ и ‘make test’

Я задал вопрос относительно configure не создает makefile при построении perl из исходного кода . В ожидании решения есть еще один (возможно, актуальный) вопрос. Когда я устанавливаю модули perl для системы perl через sudo cpanm Try::Tinyчто-то вроде сбоя со следующим журналом:

cpanm (App::cpanminus) 1.7040 on perl 5.018002 built for x86_64-linux-gnu-thread-multi
Work directory is /home/zxu/.cpanm/work/1462290395.17141
You have make /usr/bin/make
You have LWP 6.05
You have /bin/tar: tar (GNU tar) 1.27.1
Copyright (C) 2013 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

Written by John Gilmore and Jay Fenlason.
You have /usr/bin/unzip
Searching Try::Tiny () on cpanmetadb ...
--> Working on Try::Tiny
Fetching http://www.cpan.org/authors/id/E/ET/ETHER/Try-Tiny-0.24.tar.gz
-> OK
Unpacking Try-Tiny-0.24.tar.gz
Entering Try-Tiny-0.24
Checking configure dependencies from META.json
Checking if you have ExtUtils::MakeMaker 6.58 ... Yes (6.66)
Configuring Try-Tiny-0.24
Running Makefile.PL
Checking if your kit is complete...
Warning: the following files are missing in your kit:
        lib/Try/Tiny.pm
        maint/bench.pl
        t/00-report-prereqs.dd
        t/00-report-prereqs.t
        t/basic.t
        t/context.t
        t/erroneous_usage.t
        t/finally.t
        t/given_when.t
        t/global_destruction_forked.t
        t/global_destruction_load.t
        t/lib/TryUser.pm
        t/named.t
        t/when.t
        xt/author/00-compile.t
        xt/author/eol.t
        xt/author/kwalitee.t
        xt/author/mojibake.t
        xt/author/no-tabs.t
        xt/author/pod-coverage.t
        xt/author/pod-spell.t
        xt/author/pod-syntax.t
        xt/release/changes_has_content.t
        xt/release/cpan-changes.t
        xt/release/distmeta.t
        xt/release/pod-no404s.t
        xt/release/portability.t
Please inform the author.
Wide character in print at /usr/share/perl/5.18/ExtUtils/MakeMaker.pm line 1034.
Wide character in print at /usr/share/perl/5.18/ExtUtils/MakeMaker.pm line 1034.
Wide character in print at /usr/share/perl/5.18/ExtUtils/MakeMaker.pm line 1034.
Writing Makefile for Try::Tiny
Writing MYMETA.yml and MYMETA.json
-> OK
Checking dependencies from MYMETA.json ...
Checking if you have warnings 0 ... Yes (1.18)
Checking if you have constant 0 ... Yes (1.27)
Checking if you have ExtUtils::MakeMaker 0 ... Yes (6.66)
Checking if you have if 0 ... Yes (0.0602)
Checking if you have strict 0 ... Yes (1.07)
Checking if you have Exporter 5.57 ... Yes (5.68)
Checking if you have File::Spec 0 ... Yes (3.40)
Checking if you have Carp 0 ... Yes (1.29)
Checking if you have Test::More 0 ... Yes (1.001014)
Building and testing Try-Tiny-0.24
PERL_DL_NONLAZY=1 /usr/bin/perl "-MExtUtils::Command::MM" "-e" "test_harness(0, 'blib/lib', 'blib/arch')" t/*.t
# 
# Versions for all modules listed in MYMETA.json (including optional ones):
# 
# === Configure Requires ===
# 
#     Module              Want Have
#     ------------------- ---- ----
#     ExtUtils::MakeMaker  any 6.66
# 
# === Build Requires ===
# 
#     Module              Want Have
#     ------------------- ---- ----
#     ExtUtils::MakeMaker  any 6.66
# 
# === Test Requires ===
# 
#     Module              Want     Have
#     ------------------- ---- --------
#     ExtUtils::MakeMaker  any     6.66
#     File::Spec           any     3.40
#     Test::More           any 1.001014
#     if                   any   0.0602
# 
# === Test Recommends ===
# 
#     Module            Want     Have
#     ------------- -------- --------
#     CPAN::Meta    2.120900 2.133380
#     Capture::Tiny     0.12  missing
# 
# === Test Suggests ===
# 
#     Module    Want    Have
#     --------- ---- -------
#     Sub::Util  any missing
# 
# === Runtime Requires ===
# 
#     Module   Want Have
#     -------- ---- ----
#     Carp      any 1.29
#     Exporter 5.57 5.68
#     constant  any 1.27
#     strict    any 1.07
#     warnings  any 1.18
# 
# === Other Modules ===
# 
#     Module           Have
#     ------------- -------
#     Pod::Coverage missing
# 
t/00-report-prereqs.t .......... ok
Can't locate Try/Tiny.pm in @INC (you may need to install the Try::Tiny module) (@INC contains: /home/zxu/.cpanm/work/1462290395.17141/Try-Tiny-0.24/blib/lib /home/zxu/.cpanm/work/1462290395.17141/Try-Tin
y-0.24/blib/arch /etc/perl /usr/local/lib/perl/5.18.2 /usr/local/share/perl/5.18.2 /usr/lib/perl5 /usr/share/perl5 /usr/lib/perl/5.18 /usr/share/perl/5.18 /usr/local/lib/site_perl .) at t/basic.t line 8.
BEGIN failed--compilation aborted at t/basic.t line 8.
# Looks like your test exited with 2 before it could output anything.
t/basic.t ...................... 
Dubious, test returned 2 (wstat 512, 0x200)
Failed 25/25 subtests 
Can't locate Try/Tiny.pm in @INC (you may need to install the Try::Tiny module) (@INC contains: /home/zxu/.cpanm/work/1462290395.17141/Try-Tiny-0.24/blib/lib /home/zxu/.cpanm/work/1462290395.17141/Try-Tiny-0.24/blib/arch /etc/perl /usr/local/lib/perl/5.18.2 /usr/local/share/perl/5.18.2 /usr/lib/perl5 /usr/share/perl5 /usr/lib/perl/5.18 /usr/share/perl/5.18 /usr/local/lib/site_perl .) at t/context.t line 6.
BEGIN failed--compilation aborted at t/context.t line 6.
... ... ##more tests failure
Test Summary Report
-------------------
t/basic.t                    (Wstat: 512 Tests: 0 Failed: 0)
  Non-zero exit status: 2
  Parse errors: Bad plan.  You planned 25 tests but ran 0.
t/context.t                  (Wstat: 512 Tests: 0 Failed: 0)
  Non-zero exit status: 2
  Parse errors: No plan found in TAP output
t/erroneous_usage.t          (Wstat: 512 Tests: 0 Failed: 0)
  Non-zero exit status: 2
  Parse errors: Bad plan.  You planned 8 tests but ran 0.
t/finally.t                  (Wstat: 512 Tests: 0 Failed: 0)
  Non-zero exit status: 2
  Parse errors: Bad plan.  You planned 27 tests but ran 0.
t/given_when.t               (Wstat: 512 Tests: 0 Failed: 0)
  Non-zero exit status: 2
  Parse errors: Bad plan.  You planned 2 tests but ran 0.
t/global_destruction_forked.t (Wstat: 512 Tests: 0 Failed: 0)
  Non-zero exit status: 2
  Parse errors: Bad plan.  You planned 3 tests but ran 0.
t/when.t                     (Wstat: 512 Tests: 0 Failed: 0)
  Non-zero exit status: 2
  Parse errors: Bad plan.  You planned 5 tests but ran 0.
Files=10, Tests=1,  0 wallclock secs ( 0.02 usr  0.01 sys +  0.23 cusr  0.02 csys =  0.28 CPU)
Result: FAIL
Failed 7/10 test programs. 0/1 subtests failed.
make: *** [test_dynamic] Error 2
-> FAIL Installing Try::Tiny failed. See /home/zxu/.cpanm/work/1462290395.17141/build.log for details. Retry with --force to force install it.

, и если я запускаюsudo -s, cdв каталог загруженного модуля и запускperl Makefile.PL && make && make test, тесты снова терпят неудачу (по сравнению с журналом cpanm, больше нет отсутствующих предупреждений файла):

Writing Makefile for Try::Tiny
Wide character in print at /usr/share/perl/5.18/ExtUtils/MakeMaker.pm line 1034.
Wide character in print at /usr/share/perl/5.18/ExtUtils/MakeMaker.pm line 1034.
Wide character in print at /usr/share/perl/5.18/ExtUtils/MakeMaker.pm line 1034.
Writing MYMETA.yml and MYMETA.json
PERL_DL_NONLAZY=1 /usr/bin/perl "-MExtUtils::Command::MM" "-e" "test_harness(0, 'blib/lib', 'blib/arch')" t/*.t
t/00-report-prereqs.t .......... # 
# Versions for all modules listed in MYMETA.json (including optional ones):
# 
# === Configure Requires ===
# 
#     Module              Want Have
#     ------------------- ---- ----
#     ExtUtils::MakeMaker  any 6.66
# 
# === Build Requires ===
# 
#     Module              Want Have
#     ------------------- ---- ----
#     ExtUtils::MakeMaker  any 6.66
# 
# === Test Requires ===
# 
#     Module              Want     Have
#     ------------------- ---- --------
#     ExtUtils::MakeMaker  any     6.66
#     File::Spec           any     3.40
#     Test::More           any 1.001014
#     if                   any   0.0602
# 
# === Test Recommends ===
# 
#     Module            Want     Have
#     ------------- -------- --------
#     CPAN::Meta    2.120900 2.133380
#     Capture::Tiny     0.12  missing
# 
# === Test Suggests ===
# 
#     Module    Want    Have
#     --------- ---- -------
#     Sub::Util  any missing
# 
# === Runtime Requires ===
# 
#     Module   Want Have
#     -------- ---- ----
#     Carp      any 1.29
#     Exporter 5.57 5.68
#     constant  any 1.27
#     strict    any 1.07
#     warnings  any 1.18
# 
# === Other Modules ===
# 
#     Module           Have
#     ------------- -------
#     Pod::Coverage missing
# 
t/00-report-prereqs.t .......... ok   
t/basic.t ...................... Can't locate Try/Tiny.pm in @INC (you may need to install the Try::Tiny module) (@INC contains: /home/zxu/.cpanm/work/1462290395.17141/Try-Tiny-0.24/blib/lib /home/zxu/.cp
anm/work/1462290395.17141/Try-Tiny-0.24/blib/arch /etc/perl /usr/local/lib/perl/5.18.2 /usr/local/share/perl/5.18.2 /usr/lib/perl5 /usr/share/perl5 /usr/lib/perl/5.18 /usr/share/perl/5.18 /usr/local/lib/s
ite_perl .) at t/basic.t line 8.
BEGIN failed--compilation aborted at t/basic.t line 8.
# Looks like your test exited with 2 before it could output anything.
t/basic.t ...................... Dubious, test returned 2 (wstat 512, 0x200)
Failed 25/25 subtests 
t/context.t .................... Can't locate Try/Tiny.pm in @INC (you may need to install the Try::Tiny module) (@INC contains: /home/zxu/.cpanm/work/1462290395.17141/Try-Tiny-0.24/blib/lib /home/zxu/.cp
anm/work/1462290395.17141/Try-Tiny-0.24/blib/arch /etc/perl /usr/local/lib/perl/5.18.2 /usr/local/share/perl/5.18.2 /usr/lib/perl5 /usr/share/perl5 /usr/lib/perl/5.18 /usr/share/perl/5.18 /usr/local/lib/s
ite_perl .) at t/context.t line 6.
BEGIN failed--compilation aborted at t/context.t line 6.
... ... ##more tests failure

Кажется, модуль Try:: Tiny не установлен успешно, так makeкак не выплюнул никакого сообщения журнала, и тест не смог найти модуль в @INC. Я нахожусь на Ubuntu 14.04 (ядро 3.13.0-24-generic), и использование apt-get install для установки модуля в порядке. Выход из perl -Vis:

Summary of my perl5 (revision 5 version 18 subversion 2) configuration:

  Platform:
    osname=linux, osvers=3.13.0-79-generic, archname=x86_64-linux-gnu-thread-multi
    uname='linux lgw01-37 3.13.0-79-generic #123-ubuntu smp fri feb 19 14:27:58 utc 2016 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 gnulinux '
    config_args='-Dusethreads -Duselargefiles -Dccflags=-DDEBIAN -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -g -O2 -fstack-protector --param=ssp-buffer-size=4 -Wformat -Werror=format-security -Dldflags= -Wl,-Bsymbolic-functions
 -Wl,-z,relro -Dlddlflags=-shared -Wl,-Bsymbolic-functions -Wl,-z,relro -Dcccdlflags=-fPIC -Darchname=x86_64-linux-gnu -Dprefix=/usr -Dprivlib=/usr/share/perl/5.18 -Darchlib=/usr/lib/perl/5.18 -Dvendorpre
fix=/usr -Dvendorlib=/usr/share/perl5 -Dvendorarch=/usr/lib/perl5 -Dsiteprefix=/usr/local -Dsitelib=/usr/local/share/perl/5.18.2 -Dsitearch=/usr/local/lib/perl/5.18.2 -Dman1dir=/usr/share/man/man1 -Dman3d
ir=/usr/share/man/man3 -Dsiteman1dir=/usr/local/man/man1 -Dsiteman3dir=/usr/local/man/man3 -Duse64bitint -Dman1ext=1 -Dman3ext=3perl -Dpager=/usr/bin/sensible-pager -Uafs -Ud_csh -Ud_ualarm -Uusesfio -Uus
enm -Ui_libutil -Uversiononly -DDEBUGGING=-g -Doptimize=-O2 -Duseshrplib -Dlibperl=libperl.so.5.18.2 -des'
    hint=recommended, useposix=true, d_sigaction=define
    useithreads=define, usemultiplicity=define
    useperlio=define, d_sfio=undef, uselargefiles=define, usesocks=undef
    use64bitint=define, use64bitall=define, uselongdouble=undef
    usemymalloc=n, bincompat5005=undef
  Compiler:
    cc='cc', ccflags ='-D_REENTRANT -D_GNU_SOURCE -DDEBIAN -fstack-protector -fno-strict-aliasing -pipe -I/usr/local/include -D_LARGEFILE_SOURCE -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64',
    optimize='-O2 -g',
    cppflags='-D_REENTRANT -D_GNU_SOURCE -DDEBIAN -fstack-protector -fno-strict-aliasing -pipe -I/usr/local/include'
    ccversion='', gccversion='4.8.2', gccosandvers=''
    intsize=4, longsize=8, ptrsize=8, doublesize=8, byteorder=12345678
    d_longlong=define, longlongsize=8, d_longdbl=define, longdblsize=16
    ivtype='long', ivsize=8, nvtype='double', nvsize=8, Off_t='off_t', lseeksize=8
    alignbytes=8, prototype=define
  Linker and Libraries:
    ld='cc', ldflags =' -fstack-protector -L/usr/local/lib'
    libpth=/usr/local/lib /lib/x86_64-linux-gnu /lib/../lib /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu /usr/lib/../lib /lib /usr/lib
    libs=-lgdbm -lgdbm_compat -ldb -ldl -lm -lpthread -lc -lcrypt
    perllibs=-ldl -lm -lpthread -lc -lcrypt
    libc=, so=so, useshrplib=true, libperl=libperl.so.5.18.2
    gnulibc_version='2.19'
  Dynamic Linking:
    dlsrc=dl_dlopen.xs, dlext=so, d_dlsymun=undef, ccdlflags='-Wl,-E'
    cccdlflags='-fPIC', lddlflags='-shared -L/usr/local/lib -fstack-protector'

Characteristics of this binary (from libperl): 
  Compile-time options: HAS_TIMES MULTIPLICITY PERLIO_LAYERS
                        PERL_DONT_CREATE_GVSV
                        PERL_HASH_FUNC_ONE_AT_A_TIME_HARD
                        PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT PERL_MALLOC_WRAP
                        PERL_PRESERVE_IVUV PERL_SAWAMPERSAND USE_64_BIT_ALL
                        USE_64_BIT_INT USE_ITHREADS USE_LARGE_FILES
                        USE_LOCALE USE_LOCALE_COLLATE USE_LOCALE_CTYPE
                        USE_LOCALE_NUMERIC USE_PERLIO USE_PERL_ATOF
                        USE_REENTRANT_API
  Locally applied patches:
        DEBPKG:debian/cpan_definstalldirs - Provide a sensible INSTALLDIRS default for modules installed from CPAN.
        DEBPKG:debian/db_file_ver - http://bugs.debian.org/340047 Remove overly restrictive DB_File version check.
        DEBPKG:debian/doc_info - Replace generic man(1) instructions with Debian-specific information.
        DEBPKG:debian/enc2xs_inc - http://bugs.debian.org/290336 Tweak enc2xs to follow symlinks and ignore missing @INC directories.
        DEBPKG:debian/errno_ver - http://bugs.debian.org/343351 Remove Errno version check due to upgrade problems with long-running processes.
        DEBPKG:debian/libperl_embed_doc - http://bugs.debian.org/186778 Note that libperl-dev package is required for embedded linking
        DEBPKG:fixes/respect_umask - Respect umask during installation
        DEBPKG:debian/writable_site_dirs - Set umask approproately for site install directories
        DEBPKG:debian/extutils_set_libperl_path - EU:MM: Set location of libperl.a to /usr/lib
        DEBPKG:debian/no_packlist_perllocal - Don't install .packlist or perllocal.pod for perl or vendor
        DEBPKG:debian/prefix_changes - Fiddle with *PREFIX and variables written to the makefile
        DEBPKG:debian/fakeroot - Postpone LD_LIBRARY_PATH evaluation to the binary targets.
        DEBPKG:debian/instmodsh_doc - Debian policy doesn't install .packlist files for core or vendor.
        DEBPKG:debian/ld_run_path - Remove standard libs from LD_RUN_PATH as per Debian policy.
        DEBPKG:debian/libnet_config_path - Set location of libnet.cfg to /etc/perl/Net as /usr may not be writable.
        DEBPKG:debian/mod_paths - Tweak @INC ordering for Debian
        DEBPKG:debian/module_build_man_extensions - http://bugs.debian.org/479460 Adjust Module::Build manual page extensions for the Debian Perl policy
        DEBPKG:debian/prune_libs - http://bugs.debian.org/128355 Prune the list of libraries wanted to what we actually need.
        DEBPKG:fixes/net_smtp_docs - [rt.cpan.org #36038] http://bugs.debian.org/100195 Document the Net::SMTP 'Port' option
        DEBPKG:debian/perlivp - http://bugs.debian.org/510895 Make perlivp skip include directories in /usr/local
        DEBPKG:debian/cpanplus_definstalldirs - http://bugs.debian.org/533707 Configure CPANPLUS to use the site directories by default.
        DEBPKG:debian/cpanplus_config_path - Save local versions of CPANPLUS::Config::System into /etc/perl.
        DEBPKG:debian/deprecate-with-apt - http://bugs.debian.org/702096 Point users to Debian packages of deprecated core modules
        DEBPKG:debian/squelch-locale-warnings - http://bugs.debian.org/508764 Squelch locale warnings in Debian package maintainer scripts
        DEBPKG:debian/skip-upstream-git-tests - Skip tests specific to the upstream Git repository
        DEBPKG:debian/patchlevel - http://bugs.debian.org/567489 List packaged patches for 5.18.2-2ubuntu1.1 in patchlevel.h
        DEBPKG:debian/skip-kfreebsd-crash - http://bugs.debian.org/628493 [perl #96272] Skip a crashing test case in t/op/threads.t on GNU/kFreeBSD
        DEBPKG:fixes/document_makemaker_ccflags - http://bugs.debian.org/628522 [rt.cpan.org #68613] Document that CCFLAGS should include $Config{ccflags}
        DEBPKG:debian/find_html2text - http://bugs.debian.org/640479 Configure CPAN::Distribution with correct name of html2text
        DEBPKG:debian/hurd_test_skip_stack - http://bugs.debian.org/650175 Disable failing GNU/Hurd tests dist/threads/t/stack.t
        DEBPKG:fixes/manpage_name_Test-Harness - http://bugs.debian.org/650451 [rt.cpan.org #73399] cpan/Test-Harness: add NAME headings in modules with POD
        DEBPKG:debian/makemaker-pasthru - http://bugs.debian.org/660195 [rt.cpan.org #28632] Make EU::MM pass LD through to recursive Makefile.PL invocations
        DEBPKG:debian/perl5db-x-terminal-emulator.patch - http://bugs.debian.org/668490 Invoke x-terminal-emulator rather than xterm in perl5db.pl
        DEBPKG:debian/cpan-missing-site-dirs - http://bugs.debian.org/688842 Fix CPAN::FirstTime defaults with nonexisting site dirs if a parent is writable
        DEBPKG:fixes/memoize_storable_nstore - [rt.cpan.org #77790] http://bugs.debian.org/587650 Memoize::Storable: respect 'nstore' option not respected
        DEBPKG:fixes/net_ftp_failed_command - [rt.cpan.org #37700] http://bugs.debian.org/491062 Net::FTP: cope gracefully with a failed command
        DEBPKG:fixes/perlbug-patchlist - [3541c11] http://bugs.debian.org/710842 [perl #118433] Make perlbug look up the list of local patches at run time
        DEBPKG:fixes/module_metadata_security_doc - [68cdd4b] CVE-2013-1437 documentation fix
        DEBPKG:fixes/module_metadata_taint_fix - [bff978f] http://bugs.debian.org/722210 [rt.cpan.org #88576] untaint version, if needed, in Module::Metadata
        DEBPKG:fixes/IPC-SysV-spelling - http://bugs.debian.org/730558 [rt.cpan.org #86736] Fix spelling of IPC_CREAT in IPC-SysV documentation
        DEBPKG:fixes/fix-undef-source -
        DEBPKG:fixes/CVE-2013-7422.patch - [PATCH] [perl #119505] Segfault from bad backreference
        DEBPKG:fixes/CVE-2014-4330.patch - [PATCH] don't recurse infinitely in Data::Dumper
        DEBPKG:fixes/CVE-2016-2381.patch - [PATCH 1/2] remove duplicate environment variables from environ
  Built under linux
  Compiled at Mar  1 2016 17:15:04
  @INC:
    /etc/perl
    /usr/local/lib/perl/5.18.2
    /usr/local/share/perl/5.18.2
    /usr/lib/perl5
    /usr/share/perl5
    /usr/lib/perl/5.18
    /usr/share/perl/5.18
    /usr/local/lib/site_perl
    .

Похоже, что система perl была построена против другой версии ядра 3.13.0-79-generic. Не в этом ли проблема? Plz помогите! Дайте мне знать, если вам нужна дополнительная информация. Спасибо.

1 ответ

  1. Основываясь на этом потоке рассылки , в частности на третьем посте, я бы предложил редактировать ‘/usr/lib/perl//Config.pm ‘ таким образом, dont_use_nlink имеет значение ‘define’ вместо undef. Это решение сработало для меня.